8 Terrible Facts About the Colosseum, Once the Place of Execution – Back in elementary school, we must have learned about the seven wonders of the world, one of the most famous is the Colosseum in Rome, Italy. Even though the name smells good everywhere, most of us just know the name, location, and also the picture, even from school textbooks.
8 Terrible Facts About the Colosseum, Once the Place of Execution
perfisio – Even though more than that, the Colosseum is one of the thousands of years old buildings that have survived the onslaught of time. And like other historical relics, the Colosseum also holds many interesting stories and facts that rarely people know. Reported by mentalfloss.com, here are 8 terrible facts about the Colosseum in Rome!
Back in elementary school, we must have learned about the seven wonders of the world, one of the most famous is the Colosseum in Rome, Italy. Even though the name smells good everywhere, most of us just know the name, location, and also the picture, even from school textbooks.
Even though more than that, the Colosseum is one of the thousands of years old buildings that have survived the onslaught of time. And like other historical relics, the Colosseum also holds many interesting stories and facts that rarely people know. Reported by mentalfloss.com, here are 8 terrible facts about the Colosseum in Rome!
1. His real name is not the Colosseum
Today we know this historical building as the Colosseum, but in the early days of its opening, people recognized this place as the Ampitheatrum Flavium. The name Ampitheatrum Flavium was inspired by the Emperors Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. By Roman inhabitants at that time, the three were known as Flavian Emperors.
Well, if the real name is Ampitheatrum Flavium, then where did the name Colosseum come from? The name Colosseum itself actually comes from the inhabitants of Ancient Rome. Because the Ampitheatrum Flavium is so large, local people call it the Colosseum.
2. Built from the booty of war
The Colosseum was built in 70 AD, precisely after the Roman Empire conquered Judea or Jerusalem. Not wanting to return empty-handed, Vespasian brought the spoils of war home to Rome. Not just weapons, or gold, Vespasian also took a number of artifacts from Jewish temples.
After arriving in Rome, the emperor decided to use the artifacts and build an amphitheater for his people. The construction of this amphitheater took ten years, and was only completed in 80 AD.
3. And done by slaves
In addition to bringing home the spoils of war, Emperor Vespasian also brought 100,000 prisoners of war to Rome, Italy. In the city of Rome, these prisoners were made slaves and worked on the Colosseum building project.
Not only were they forced to drag heavy stones from Tivoli to Rome, the workers were also not paid for their work.
Apart from being worked by slaves, the inhabitants of Rome also participated in the building of the Colosseum. Not as manual workers, but as architects, art workers, and other positions of higher positions.
4. The Colosseum is the largest amphitheater ever built by the Romans
Aged more than two thousand years ago, the Colosseum is the largest amphitheater ever built by the Romans, as well as the largest amphitheater in the world today.
Unlike most amphitheaters of that era which were built on hillside, the Colosseum which is 189 meters long, 159 meters wide, and 50 meters high was built on the former palace lake of the Ancient Roman Empire which burned down in 64 AD.
5. There are 80 entrances to the Colosseum, one of which is known as the gate of death
With a capacity of 87 thousand spectators, the Colosseum has 80 entrances. Even so, there were only 76 doors that could be used by ordinary people. While the other four doors are special doors used by the emperor, officials, and gladiators who will fight.
The emperors and officials used the southern and northern gates to enter the arena. The other two doors were for the gladiators. The first door is located on the east side, known as the Gate of Life, where gladiators who will fight enter the arena through this door.
In contrast, the western entrance is the Gate of Death where gladiators who died after the battle are brought out.
6. An estimated half a million people hovered in the Colosseum
If it is now used as a tourism destination, in the past the Colosseum was a place of entertainment as well as a place of execution for inmates. The event will begin with a parade of wild animals or hunting followed by nobles in the morning.
During the day, the Colosseum turns into an execution ground, where the prisoners are tied up and targeted by wild animals. Meanwhile, in the afternoon, the Colosseum turns into a gladiatorial arena. Usually gladiators were not Roman citizens, but slaves who did not have the right to citizenship.
The Colosseum itself was last used in 435 AD, for gladiatorial competitions. And over the 350 years of its use, the Colosseum is estimated to have claimed up to half a million lives, be it the gladiators who died in matches or the prisoners who were sentenced to death in this place.
7. Plus one million animals that become victims
Not only humans are victims of the ferocity of the gladiatorial matches at the Colosseum, the fate of wild animals is no less tragic. At the beginning of its opening in 80 AD, Emperor Titus held gladiatorial competitions for 100 full days. As a result, about 9 thousand animals died during the match, and 5 thousand of them died within one day.
Thirty years later, Emperor Trajan fought a 123-day match that killed about 11 thousand animals. It is estimated that around one million animals ranging from lions, jaguars, elephants, bears, to hippos died due to being badly injured during the bar games.
8. And all the matches can be watched for free
Currently, to enter the Colosseum, tourists will be charged a quite expensive fee. But in the days of Ancient Roman civilization, anyone could enter and watch the gladiatorial games for free, provided they were Romans.
In addition, visitors can also get food and drinks for free. Even though it is free, visitors who come cannot freely choose their seats.
Because in this place, visitors must sit according to their status. Those with royal blood or high positions would sit near the arena. Meanwhile, the common people will sit on the top seat.
No doubt, the Colosseum has a very dark history in the past. But that was before, now the Colosseum has turned into Italy’s favorite tourist icon.